Push-over analysis of concrete gravity dams due to flood inflow

Document Type : Research


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box 14115-397, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box 14115-397, Tehran, Iran.


This study numerically predicts the failure scenario of a cracked concrete gravity dam through a push-over nonlinear analysis. The mixed-mode Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics (LEFM) was employed using the extended finite element method (XFEM). The dam base was considered to be fully fixed without any foundation effects. The hydrostatic pressure on the dam's upstream face was increased incrementally. The failure scenario type of the concrete gravity dams with an initial crack at an arbitrary level exhibited a ductile manner. A mixed-mode crack path with a positive mode II was observed in all initial crack levels. Based on the results, it can be claimed that provided water intrusion prevented, "cracked" concrete gravity dams may not be at noticeable risk of failure due to flood inflow.


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