Volume 6, Issue 3 (3-2022)                   NMCE 2022, 6(3): 64-77 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hosseinnezhad A, Gholizad A. Effect of the angle of seismic incidence on the response of a long-span curved bridge under spatially varying ground motions. NMCE. 2022; 6 (3) :64-77
URL: http://nmce.kntu.ac.ir/article-1-348-en.html
Professor, Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili , gholizad@uma.ac.ir
Abstract:   (405 Views)
The incidence angle of seismic waves affects the maximum response of bridges. Furthermore, long-span structures experience different seismic excitations at supports because of the spatial variability of ground motions. Moreover, for curved bridges, because of the irregular shape and the interaction between bending and torsion, the maximum response of the structure would be correlated to the input angle of the earthquake. In this study, the dynamic response of a long-span reinforced concrete curved bridge under asynchronous input motions for different inclinations of seismic incidence was investigated. For the numerical study, a curved plan bridge from the Caltrans bridges portfolio is selected and analyzed for various load and soil scenarios. The correlated arrays are generated by the method described in the paper and implemented to investigate the bridge. From the outcomes, the directionality effect of ground motions is evident that the responses change corresponding to the input angle of the seismic wave. For the case of multiple support excitations, the maximum response is different from the uniform load pattern. Finally, to find the most unfavorable input angles, an incremental dynamic analysis was performed. The results showed that the maximum response for each column occurs for different angles of earthquake incidence. The results showed that the responses of the structure increased under some angles of incidence. Additionally, responses from multiple-support were more varied in comparison with uniform excitations under different input angles, and in some cases larger than the responses caused by uniform excitations.
Full-Text [PDF 1050 kb]   (168 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/06/21 | Revised: 2021/10/24 | Accepted: 2021/12/1 | ePublished ahead of print: 2021/12/11

1. Tseng, W.S. and Penzien, J. (1975), "Seismic response of long multiplespan highway bridges", Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 4 (1), 25-48. [DOI:10.1002/eqe.4290040103]
2. Williams, D. and Godden, W. (1979), "Seismic response of long curved bridge structures: experimental model studies", Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 7 (2), 107-128. [DOI:10.1002/eqe.4290070202]
3. Kawashimak, K., Penzien, J. (1979), "Theoretical and experimental dynamic behavior of a curved model bridge structure", Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 7 (2), 129-145. [DOI:10.1002/eqe.4290070203]
4. Li, G.H., Shi, D. and Heins, C.P. (1984), "The finite element method of the seismic analysis of the curved bridge", Journal of Tongji University: Natural Science, 23 (1), 1-21.
5. Yuan, W.C., Wang, Y.G., Yang, Y.M. (1996), "Spatial seismic response analysis on the curved girder bridges", In: Proceedings of the 12th National Bridge Academic Conference, Shanghai, 1996.
6. Zhu, D.S., Liu, S.Z. and Yu, L.S. (2002), "Research on seismic response of curved girder bridges", China Journal of Highway and Transport, 15 (3), 42-48.
7. Fan, L.C., Nie, L.Y. and Li, J.Z. (2003), "Discussion on standard of critical angle of seismic wave in seismic analysis of complicated structures", Journal of Tongji University: Natural Science, 31 (6), 631-636.
8. Saad, A.S., Sanders, D.H. and Buckle, L.G. (2012), "Effect of rocking foundations on seismic behavior of horizontally curved bridges with different degree of curvatures", In: Proceedings of 15th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Lisbon, September.
9. Torbol Marco and Shinozuka Masanobu. (2012), "Effect of the angle of seismic incidence on the fragility curves of bridges" Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 41, 14, 2111-2124. [DOI:10.1002/eqe.2197]
10. Wang, Yuandong., Ibarra, Luis. And Pantelides, Chris. (2017), "Effects of Ground Motion Incidence Angle in Reinforced Concrete Skewed Bridge Retrofitted with Buckling Restrained Braces" Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Utah. [DOI:10.1061/9780784480403.041]
11. Aparma Roy, Gautam Bhattachrya and Rana Roy, (2017) "Maximum credible damage of RC bridge pier under bi-directional seismic excitation for all incidence angles" Engineering Structures, 152, 251-273. 10.1016/j.engstruct.2017.09.008 [DOI:10.1016/j.engstruct.2017.09.008]
12. Soleimani Farahnaz, Brani Vidakovic, Reginald DesRoches and Jamie Padgett. (2017) "Identification of the significant uncertain parameters in the seismic response of irregular bridges" Engineering Structures, 141, 356-372, 10.1016/j.engstruct.2017.03.017 [DOI:10.1016/j.engstruct.2017.03.017]
13. H.R. Noori, M.M. Memarpour, M. akhchalian and S. Soltanieh. (2019) "Effects of ground motion directionality on seismic behavior of skewed bridges considering SSI" Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 127, 105820, 10.1016/j.soildyn.2019.105820 [DOI:10.1016/j.soildyn.2019.105820]
14. S. Soltanieh, M.M. Memarpour and F. Kilanehei. (2019) "Performance assessment of bridge-soil-foundation system with irregular configuration considering ground motion directionality effects" Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 118, 19-34. 10.1016/j.soildyn.2018.11.006 [DOI:10.1016/j.soildyn.2018.11.006]
15. Yuandong Wang, Luis Ibarra and Chris Pantelides. (2020) "Effect of incidence angle on the seismic performance of skewed bridges retrofitted with buckling-restrained braces" Engineering Structures, 211, 110411. 10.1016/j.engstruct.2020.110411 [DOI:10.1016/j.engstruct.2020.110411]
16. Ruiwei Feng, Tongfa Deng, Tianpeng Lao, Anastasios G. Sextos, Wancheng Yuan. (2020) "Theory and experimental verification of a resultant response-based method for assessing the critical seismic excitation direction of curved bridges" Engineering Structures, 216, 110713. 10.1016/j.engstruct.2020.110713 [DOI:10.1016/j.engstruct.2020.110713]
17. María Elisa Ramos-Sepúlveda and Ashly Cabas. (2021) "Site Effects on Ground Motion Directionality: Lessons from Case Studies in Japan" S.D.E.E., 147, 106755. 10.1016/j.soildyn.2021.106755 [DOI:10.1016/j.soildyn.2021.106755]
18. Saxena V. Deodatis G. and Shinozuka M. (2000), "Effect of spatial variation of earthquake ground motion on the nonlinear dynamic response of highway bridges" Proc of 12th World Conf on Earthquake Engineering, Auckland, New Zealand, January.
19. Vanmarcke EH. and Fenton GA. ( 1991), "Conditioned simulation of local fields of earthquake ground motion", Structural Safety, 10, 247-264. [DOI:10.1016/0167-4730(91)90018-5]
20. Kameda H and Morikawa H. (1992), "An interpolating stochastic process for simulation of conditional random fields", Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics, 7, 243-254. [DOI:10.1016/0266-8920(92)90028-G]
21. Liao S. and Zerva A. (2006)," Physically compliant, conditionally simulated spatially vriable seismic ground motions for performance‐based design", Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 35, 891-919. [DOI:10.1002/eqe.562]
22. Konakli K. and Der Kiureghian A, (2012), "Simulation of spatially varying ground motions including incoherence, wave-passage and site-response effects" Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 41: 495-513. doi.org/10.1002/eqe.1141 [DOI:10.1002/eqe.1141]
23. Luco JE. and Wong HL. (1986), "Response of a rigid foundation to a spatially random ground motion" Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 14, 891-908. [DOI:10.1002/eqe.4290140606]
24. Der Kiureghian A and Neuenhofer A. (1992), "Response spectrum method for multiple support seismic excitation", Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 21, 713-740. [DOI:10.1002/eqe.4290210805]
25. Zerva A. and Harada T. ( 1994),"A site specific model for the spatial incoherence of the seismic ground motions", Proceedings of the 5th National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Chicago, Illinois, July.
26. Ketchum M, Chang V, and Shantz T. (2004), "Influence of design ground motion level on highway bridge costs" Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, Berkeley, CA, USA.
27. McKenna F and Fenves GL. (2000), "An object-oriented software design for parallel structural analysis", In: Proceedings of the advanced technology in structural engineering, Structures Congress, ASCE,Washington,DC. [DOI:10.1061/40492(2000)30]
28. Tondini N and Stojadinovic B. (2012), "Probabilistic seismic demand model for curved reinforced concrete bdidges" Bull Earthquake Eng. 10, 1455-1479. [DOI:10.1007/s10518-012-9362-y]
29. Amjadian M. and Agrawal A. K. (2017), "Dynamic characteristics of horizontally curved bridges" Journal of Vibration and Control, 1-19. [DOI:10.1177/1077546317726637]
30. Zhang J and Makris N. (2002a), "Kinematic response functions and dynamic stiffness of bridge embankments", Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 31, 1933-1966. [DOI:10.1002/eqe.196]
31. Zhang J, Makris N and Delis E. (2004), "Structural characterization of modern highway overcrossings-a case study", Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE , 130(6), 846-860. [DOI:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2004)130:6(846)]
32. Toki K. and Yanabu K. (1988), "Detection of apparent wave velocity in near surface ground with irregular profile by an array observation", Proceeding of 9th World Conf on Eearthquake Eengineering, Tokyo.
33. Ghobarah, Ahmed. (2001) "Performance-based design in earthquake engineering: state of development" Engineering Structures 23, 878-884. [DOI:10.1016/S0141-0296(01)00036-0]
34. Arash E. Zaghi, Siavash Soroushian, E. "Manos" Maragakis, Alicia Echevarria, Yuan Tian, and Andre Filiatrault. Seismic Fragility Study of Fire Sprinkler Piping Systems with Grooved Fit Joints. J. Struct. Eng., 2015, 141(6): 04014157. [DOI:10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0001122]
35. Arash E. Zaghi, Joseph Wieser, Manos Maragakis, and Ian Buckle. A Methodology for the Experimental Evaluation of Seismic Pounding at Seat-Type Abutments of Horizontally Curved Bridges. Structures Congress 2012 © ASCE 2012.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author